Panmunjeom is located about 60 km northwest of Seoul along with the United Nation Command Military Armistice Commission (UNCMAC). Originally,
the area used to be called “Neolmun-ri”. However, the area was designated as a new location for armistice talks in October, 1951, and the name of the area was written in Chinese as Panmunjom for the convenience of Chinese representatives.
As of today, Panmunjeom refers to the Joint Security Area (JSA), a 400m x 800m rectangular area, set up on the Military Demarcation
Line within the UNCMAC compound and reserved for talks between the United Nations Command (UNC) and its Communist counterparts (North Korea and China).
When the JSA was first created, UNCMAC officials from both sides were allowed to move freely within the Area. However,
that is not the case anymore with the enforcement of the dividing line (or the MDL) within the JSA in the wake of the ‘Axe Murder Incident of 18th August, 1976.
Although its official address is Jo-San Lee, Kun-Nae District, Paju city, Kyoungki province, the JSA has been under the control of
United Nations Command in accordance with the Korean Armistice Agreement.
The Location of Panmunjeom
Panmunjeom, the DMZ zone is located within the DMZ areas can visit the northernmost region of civilians. Paju jinseomyeon you the address of the administrative sector of
the South of Liberal Arts, and address the individuality of the northern municipalities Panmun gave Panmunjeom (theta). Most famous as the name of the meeting place, but
it Panmunjeom Joint Security Area (JSA) is the official name. Panmunjeom is located slightly to the west, 155 miles from the Military Demarcation Line (MDL) is the place to
show the sorrow of the division. Panmunjeom, the capital of the Republic of Korea in Seoul, is located approximately 62km to the northwest of the capital city of North Korea
in Pyongyang in Kaesong, 215km south located 10km to the south.
The History of Panmunjeom
Panmunjeom called military talks between the UN and the Communist Party of origin dates back JSA from the original armistice agreement was being done ‘truce tent’ was located 1km to the north. The current position of the truce tent Museum of the North Korean military. UNC 3 guard towers can be observed here. Original 27 July 1953 the museum was built as a place to join a truce.
Previous military agreements in this area there was a man made of thatched inn. Between Seoul and Sinuiju inn was the retreat of passersby.
Of Liberal Arts and was the town’s original name ‘wooden door’ means the board of The hidden meaning in this name is very interesting. King was driving near here wants
to cross the river, but a long time ago, you had no legs. And spoiled the wooden door that was in the house, the town’s people, and the king so that you can pass the bridge
was built. Military agreement during the talks moved here, where the name was changed to the Panmunjeom. Was made according to the will of the This is China.
The inn here, ‘plate’ plank door ‘door’, ‘shop’ point ‘to the Chinese characters were written.
UN and Communist side of the 1076 conference at the end of arduous talks, a ceasefire agreement was signed July 27, 1953. With the consent of the military agreement,
the Joint Security Area in Panmunjeom surrounding area has been designated as a This section jointly by North and South Korea and UN military expenses, and is the only region that is shared by South Korea and North Korea.
Panmunjeom is where the cease fire was signed on Jul. 27, 1953, and it is 50km north of Seoul on Tongilro. It became famous as a place where inter-Korea dialogue and military armistice conferences are held, and is a living educational field of remembering the tragedy of a divided country and the racial pain of a fratricidal war.
Panmunjeom is the only JSA (Joint Security Area) in the world, which is commonly occupied and possessed by both armies (the UN and the North Korean army) in a hostile relationship. It was commonly secured by collecting 35 soldiers from each side. However, after the North Korean guard killed US soldiers who were cutting the branches off
a cottonwood on Aug. 18, 1976, the military demarcation line was indicated, and only security work became under joint work. Members or press members who belong to
either military armistice commission can access all of the places in JSA without a permit.
Conference buildings are places where various talks and conferences between the South and the North are held. Buildings are no exception to current tragic situation of Korean peninsula that they are bisected with doors on each side, and the South and the North take turn to share the buildings.
DMZ (Demilitarized Zone)
This spot is the most known traveling course of Demiliterized Zone among with the Panmunjom. You can see the North Korea in your eyes via the observatory and the tunnel.
Military Demarcation Line
(Boundary line for the South and the North)
The Military Demarcation Line is surrounded by the Demilitarized Zone under the provisions of the Armistice (cease-fire) Agreement signed on July, 1953.
The Military Demarcation Line runs 155miles and separates the South and the North. Southern and Northern boundaries of the DMZ are located 2km apart from the MDL.
The Demilitarized Zone, which consists of the area between Southern and Northern boundaries of the DMZ, was established to serve as a buffer zone to
prevent any means of provocative action and collision between the South and the North.
The civilian off-limit line was set up near the southern boundary of DMZ creating the civilian off-limit area, and its exact location varies from 5 to 20km away from Southern boundary of the DMZ.
The civilian off-limit area is different from the actual DMZ where installation of military facilities, station of armed troops and positioning of weapons are prohibited under the provisions of the Armistice Agreement.
Because of its low population density and restrained development, the civilian off-limit area was able to maintain excellent level of natural environment.
Along with the DMZ, the area recently is highly valued for environmental resource and undisrupted ecosystem.
*ITINERARY (DMZ General Tour) >
– Imjingak Park (Freedom Bridge/Mangbaedan/Memorial Monument)
Here we are. Only 50 Minutes drive from Seoul!
This is the tour’s first destination and at the same time this reminds us the pain of division.
– Unification Bridge-Pass By /ID check point
Korean Army will check your ID for a safety trip. You just need to show your passport according to the rule.
You may feel awkward, but don‘t worry and follow the instruction.
– The 3rd Tunnel
Third Infiltration Tunnel of total 1,635m was found in 1978. In Third Infiltration Tunnel located in 52km
distant from Seoul, 30,000 solders can move per 1 hour. From 2002, the shuttle elevator, and the high-tech
system’s DMZ theater have been installed and the diversity of sightseeing things are provided.
– DMZ theater & exhibition hall (Video)
DMZ theater & exhibiton hall give you genral information of Korean war & DMZ.
It takes about 15miuntes.
– Dora Observatory & Dorasan Station
This place will show you how North Korea looks like.
An army would explain you how the North Korea looks like and how North&South Korea is divided.
– Unification Village
Unification village is only for Koreans, No foreign visitors are allowed.
Imgingak Park (Freedom Bridge)
DMZ Theatre & Exhibition Hall
The 3rd Tunnel
Imjingak Park is a place where the sorrow caused by the Korean War occurred in June 1950 and the conflict between the south and the north of Korea remains in. There are a diversity of monuments including the monument in the Imjingang zone and the US soldiers monument in Imjingak Resort. A train which goes to Shineuiju, the northern end of
the Korean Peninsula before the division between two Koreans is exhibited in Imjingak Resort. Mangbaeddan is located to enable displaced people whose hometown was
the North Korea to bow down to their parents or family in North Korea during the New Years Day and Chuseok. Sorrow of the dispersed family remains in Mangbaeddan. 3,800,000 Korean and foreign visitors Imjingak Resort visit each year as the Peace Tourist Spot where people meditate on sorrow of the division between two Koreans and pray for the unification.
The 3rd Tunnel
Third Infiltration Tunnel of total 1,635m was found in 1978. In Third Infiltration Tunnel located in 52km distant from Seoul, 30,000 solders can move per 1 hour.
From 2002, the shuttle elevator, and the high-tech system’s DMZ theater have been installed and the diversity of sightseeing things are provided.
It is the northernmost observatory of South Korea from which visitors can view a part of North Korean life through a telescope’ such as Mt. Songaksan in Gaeseong’
Kim Il-seong statue’ Gijeong-dong’ the outskirts of Gaeseong-si’ Train smokestack at Jangdan station’ and Geumamgol (collective farm). This has 304 sq. ft. and some
facilities; 500 capacity’ VIP Room’ control office’ 30 to 40 capacity parking lot. It opened to the public in Jan. 1987 From Dora Observatory’ tourists can view the North Korean propaganda village in the DMZ and as far north as the city of Gaeseong.
Dorasan Station is the northernmost station of the South Korea which is 700m distant from the southern boundary line of DMZ, the civil control zone.
Since US president Bush visited Dorasan Station on February 20, 2002, it has come into spotlight internationally.
imjingak Station was opened in October 2001, and then Dorasan Station, the unfinished station of the north-south Korean reconciliation was opened on February 12, 2002
(the lunar New Year’s Day) through the special Mangbae train operation in 52 years after the railroad service was stopped.
The milestones of Dorasan Station (205km to Pyeongyang, 56km to Seoul) imply the reality of the division between two Koreans and a future hope and expectation. Because Dorasan Station is the northernmost station of the South Korea in the southern boundary line, Dorasan Station will play the role of customs and entry for Chinese and
Russian people and goods as well as the North Koreans if Gyeongui Line Railroad connection is completed and the traffic is possible between two Koreans. Also, Dorasan Station contains the historical meaning as a symbolic place of the division between two Koreans and a gateway of the south-north exchange.